Glossary of Terminology
Ball: The fleshy part of the foot that rests on the floor (Metatarsal Heads).
Bellows Tongues: A tongue that is connected to the quarters to keep out water and debris.
Buttress: An External flare to the hind foot for added stability.
Counter: The stiffening around the heel between the upper and lining, to add control.
Facing: The part of the quarter where the eyelets are located.
Flare: A wider sole to increase stability.
Instep: The top part of the mid foot.
Instep Guard: A rigid shield to protect the instep.
Last: A mould over which the shoe is made.
Nail Plate: Puncture resistant insole for safety footwear.
Padded Collar: A covered padding around the top line of the quarters.
Pitch: Refers to the inclination of the hind foot in relation to the fore-foot.
Pull-Tab: A small loop on back of a boot to ease donning.
Quarter: The rear part of the upper around the heel.
Shank: A steel stiffener built into the shoes from heel to ball.
Sole Plate: To render sole rigid, ideal for amputees.
Throat: That part of the shoe below the laces.
Toe Box: The stiffening over the toes between the upper and lining, to hold the shape.
Vamp: The front part of the footwear over the forefoot.
Waist: The smallest part of the foot or last, between the instep and the ball.
Welt: A narrow piece of leather sewn to the insole then sewn again to the sole.